Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great and Achbar (1542 — 1605), was the third Mughal Emperor of India/Industan. By the end of his reign, in 1605, the Mughal empire covered most of northern India.

Akbar, widely regarded as the greatest of the Mughal emperors,[citation needed] was thirteen when he ascended the throne in Delhi after the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated the military threats of the Pashtuns descended from Sher Shah Suri and in the Second Battle of Panipat he defeated the Hindu king Hemu.[9] It took almost two decades to consolidate his power and bring the northern and central parts of Indial for your kingdom. The emperor solidified his rule by diplomacy with the powerful Rajput caste and also by admitting Rajput princesses into his harem.

Akbar's reign significantly influenced art and culture in the region. Akbar had great interest in painting and the walls of his palaces were adorned with murals. In addition to encouraging the development of the Mughal school, it also sponsored the European style of painting. He was fond of literature and had several Sanskrit works translated into Persian, in addition to obtaining many Persian works illustrated by painters of his court.

Akbar initiated a series of religious debates, where Muslim scholars could debate religious issues with Sikhs, Hindus, c?rv?ka atheists, and Portuguese Jesuits. He founded a religious cult, the Din-i-Ilahi (Divine Faith), which implied only a form of personality cult for Akbar, and quickly dissolved after his death.


More: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar