Sikhism or Sikhism is a monotheistic religion founded at the end of the 1469th century in Punjab (a region divided between Pakistan and India) by Guru Nanak (1539-XNUMX).

It is sometimes portrayed as the result of a syncretism between elements of Hinduism and Islam and Sufism.

The term «sikh» has its origins in the Sanskrit language ?i?ya /ziyia/ 'disciple, the learner' or ?ik?a /ziksha/ 'instruction'.

The history of Sikhism begins with Nanak, a son of the ruling/warrior caste, who lived 1469-1538 and was born in northern India. He was influenced by holy men from the mystical branches of Bhakti of Hinduism and Sufi of Islam. Guru Nanak claimed that there was a supreme being, and held that all religions used different names for the same deity, which he called Sat Nam ("True Name"). There are many similarities between Sikhism, Hinduism and Sufism (a branch of Islam). Sikh, for example, is the Hindu term for disciple. For Sikhs, the reason for this is very simple: truth is not limited to a single belief.


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